/ Atopic DERMATITIS
The terms eczema and dermatitis are
now used synonymously. They refer to a distinctive reaction pattern of the skin
showing a combination of signs which depend on the duration of rash and type of
Based on the aetiology, eczemas are
divided into two basic groups:
1. Exogenous - This can occur due to contact with
some irritant or allergen
2. Endogenous - This group contains all other types
of which cause and mechanism is poorly understood. Many factors like heredity,
hypersensitivity, fungal infection, senile changes, venous stasis etc are
implicated in various forms of endogenous eczema.
WHAT ACTUALLY HAPPENS?
It is not very well understood. In
acute stage of eczema, oedema of the epidermis and intra-epidermal vesicles
form. In chronic stage there is thickening and pigmentation of skin.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
Redness ,swelling, usually with ill
Papules, vesicles, and more large
Exudation and cracking of skin
Scaling of skin
Itching in and around the lesion
All the above plus
Thickening and lichenification (a
dry leathery thickening with increased skin margins is secondary to rubbing and
scratching and is most often seen in Atopic eczema.)
Fissures and scratch marks
Pigmentation of the skin in and around
Super infection - most often with
bacteria (staph-aureus) and yeast (Candia). Super infection is encouraged by
the use of local steroids.
HOW IT IS DIAGNOSED?
Usually eczemas are diagnosed clinically.
Patch test and prick test may be required for allergens.
WHAT TO DIFFERENTIATE FROM?
Fungal, bacterial, and other
Topical application of steroids and
oral anti-allergic drugs form the main stay of treatment.
WHAT ELSE CAN I DO?
Avoid any allergen or irritant that may be causing the problem.
Eczema More Information
Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis) is an
inflammation of the skin. It results in itchy, red, thickening and scaling skin
eruptions. The dominant symptom is itching, which can be severe. Eczema is not
contagious. The most common type of Eczema is Atopic eczema.
Common Causes of Eczema:
Specific allergies to foods
Wool next to the skin
Pet animals (fur)
Soaps or detergents
Dust mites and pollen
Cause of eczema depends upon the type
of eczema the person is suffering from. Eczema is considered to be hereditary.
Studies reveal that a person is prone to eczema if his family has a history of
closely linked conditions like hay fever and asthma. Irritants like smoke,
chemicals, detergents, solvents and so on, can aggravate eczema. Even weather
conditions can lead to aggravation of the condition. Excessive stress, heat and
emotional stress are other aggravators of eczema. Sometimes blood circulation
problem in the leg can also cause eczema. Deficiency of vitamin B6 causes
Eczema is also called dermatitis. It
is a group of skin disorders.
Following are the different types of
Allergic contact dermatitis
Irritant contact dermatitis
Infantile seborrhoeic eczema
Adult seborrhoeic eczema
Varicose eczema and discoid eczema
Atopic dermatitis is the most common
type of eczema. It mainly occurs among infants and small children. In more than
90% of cases, eczema is found to occur in children below 5 years of age. It is
a non-contagious disease.
Following are the symptoms of eczema:
Redness on skin
Dry and flaky skin
Inflammation on skin
Small bumps on forehead, neck and
Rough and thickened skin.
Symptoms of eczema are more severe on
TREATMENT FOR ECZEMA, ALLERGIC DERMATITIS
Homeopathy offers very good treatment
for eczema, but the approach used by homeopaths is very different from that of
conventional treatment. Homeopaths usually do not give anything to apply
topically. Instead they try to remove the basic disposition/sensitivity to
develop such a lesion using internal medicine. This approach not only
successfully removes the eczema but also removes the possibility of development
of other hypersensitivity disorders like asthma after the eczema is cured.
To find the proper remedy a homeopath collects all the past medical history of
the person, his/her family history, his/her physical and psychological
characteristics etc. All this information helps the homeopath to find a remedy
which not only will remove the eczema but will also remove the disposition to
acquire such diseases. As a note of caution I would like to add here that after
a proper remedy is given the eczema may occasionally (not often) show a mild
flare up. This should not worry the patient as it is often considered a
good prognostic sign by homeopaths.
But which medicine will work in a
particular case can only be judged by a trained homeopath.
In homoeopathic method of treatment we
have good effective medicines for these complaint, Homoeopathic medicines have
no side effects. Long course of treatment is helpful to reduce these problems
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