– Gall Bladder Stones
The gallbladder contracts and pushes
the bile into a tube—called the common bile duct—that carries it to the small
intestine, where it helps with digestion.
Bile contains water, cholesterol,
fats, bile salts, proteins, and bilirubin—a waste product. Bile salts break up
fat, and bilirubin gives bile and stool a yellowish-brown colour. If the liquid
bile contains too much cholesterol, bile salts, or bilirubin, it can harden
2- Pigment stones.
Cholesterol stones are usually yellow-green and are made primarily of
hardened cholesterol. Pigment stones are small, dark stones made of bilirubin.
Gallstones can be as small as a grain of sand or as large as a golf ball. The
gallbladder can develop just one large stone, hundreds of tiny stones, or a
combination of the two.
Gallstones can block the normal flow
of bile if they move from the gallbladder and lodge in any of the ducts that
carry bile from the liver to the small intestine.
If any of the bile ducts remain
blocked for a significant period of time, severe damage or infection can occur
in the gallbladder, liver, or pancreas. Left untreated, the condition can be
fatal. Warning signs of a serious problem are fever, jaundice, and persistent
Causes for gallstones
Scientists believe cholesterol stones
form when bile contains too much cholesterol, too much bilirubin, or not enough
bile salts, or when the gallbladder does not empty completely or often enough.
The reason these imbalances occur is not known.
The cause of pigment stones is not
fully understood. The stones tend to develop in people who have liver
cirrhosis, Biliary tract infections, or hereditary blood disorders—such as
sickle cell anaemia—in which the liver makes too much bilirubin.
The mere presence of gallstones may
cause more gallstones to develop. Other factors that contribute to the
formation of gallstones, particularly cholesterol stones, include
are twice as likely as men to develop gallstones. Excess oestrogen from
pregnancy, hormone replacement therapy, and birth control pills appears
to increase cholesterol levels in bile and decrease gallbladder movement,
which can lead to gallstones.
Gallstones often run in families, pointing to a possible genetic link.
Weight. A large clinical study showed that
being even moderately overweight increases the risk for developing
gallstones. The most likely reason is that the amount of bile salts in bile is
reduced, resulting in more cholesterol. Increased cholesterol reduces
gallbladder emptying. Obesity is a major risk factor for gallstones, especially
Diet. Diets high in fat and cholesterol
and low in fiber increase the risk of gallstones due to increased cholesterol
in the bile and reduced gallbladder emptying.
As the body metabolizes fat during prolonged fasting and rapid weight loss—such
as “crash diets”—the liver secretes extra cholesterol into bile, which can
cause gallstones. In addition, the gallbladder does not empty properly.
Age. People older than age 60 are more
likely to develop gallstones than younger people. As people age, the body tends
to secrete more cholesterol into bile.
American Indians have a genetic predisposition to secrete high levels of
cholesterol in bile. In fact, they have the highest rate of gallstones in
the United States. The majority of American Indian men have gallstones by
age 60. Among the Pima Indians of Arizona, 70 percent of women have
gallstones by age 30. Mexican American men and women of all ages also have
high rates of gallstones
Drugs that lower cholesterol levels in the blood actually increase the amount
of cholesterol secreted into bile. In turn, the risk of gallstones increases.
with diabetes generally have high levels of fatty acids called
triglycerides. These fatty acids may increase the risk of gallstones.
Symptoms of gallstones
pain in the right upper abdomen that increases rapidly and lasts from 30
minutes to several hours
the back between the shoulder blades
under the right shoulder. Notify your doctor if you think you have
experienced a gallbladder attack. Although these attacks often pass as
gallstones move, your gallbladder can become infected and rupture if a
with any of the following symptoms should see a doctor immediately:
pain—more than 5 hours
colour of the skin or whites of the eyes
Many people with gallstones have no
symptoms; these gallstones are called “silent stones.” They do not interfere
with gallbladder, liver, or pancreas function and do not need treatment.
Non surgical approaches are used only
in special situations—such as when a patient has a serious medical condition
needs surgery—and only for cholesterol stones. Stones commonly recur within 5
years in patients treated non surgically.
In Homoeopathic systems of medicine
have many excellent medicines for gall bladder stones and also it helps to
prevent the recurrence
For Homoeopathic treatment
Please click the following link
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